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Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

Discussion in 'Articles' started by Tom Barr, Aug 2, 2005.

  1. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    C = carbon
    Ca = calcium
    CaCO3 = calcium carbonate
    Cl = chloride
    CO2 = carbon dioxide
    CO3 = carbonate
    Cu = copper
    CuSO4 = copper sulfate
    Fe = iron
    Fe+2 = ferrous iron
    Fe+3 = ferric iron
    H = hydrogen -- hydronium
    H2CO3 = carbonic acid
    H2O2 = hydrogen peroxide
    H2S = hydrogen sulfide
    H2SO4 = sulfuric acid
    HCO3 = bicarbonate
    HCl = hydrochloric/muriatic acid
    HNO3 = nitric acid
    K = potassium
    K2SO4 = potassium sulfate -- Sulfate of Potash
    K2HPO4 = dibasic potassium phosphate
    KCl = potassium chloride -- Muriate of Potash
    KH2PO4 = monobasic potassium phosphate
    KNO3 = potassium nitrate -- Salt Peter
    Mg = magnesium
    MgSO4 = magnesium sulfate
    MgSO4 * 7H2O = Epsom Salts
    N = nitrogen
    Na = sodium
    NaCl = sodium chloride -- table/aquarium salt
    NaHCO3 = sodium bicarbonate -- Baking Soda
    NH3 = ammonia
    NH4 = ammonium
    NO2 = nitrite
    NO3 = nitrate
    O = oxygen -- superoxide -- oxygen free radical
    O2 = oxygen (gas)
    P = phosphorus
    PO4 = phosphate
    S = sulfur
    SO4 = sulfate


    MISC.
    ---------------
    DO = dissolved oxygen
    ORP = oxidation-reduction potential
    TDS = total dissolved solids


    LIGHTING
    ----------------
    PC or CFL = (power) compact fluorescent
    VHO = very high output fluorescent
    NO = normal output fluorescent
    MH = metal halide

    aka= also known as
    BGA= Blue green algae
    BBA= Black Brush AlgaeDOC= Dissolved organic Carbon or Damned Onerous Cat :)
    DIY= Do It Yourself
    Gh= General Hardness
    MH= Metal Halide
    RO= Reverse osmosis
    TMG= Tropica Master Grow
    YMMV= Your mileage may vary

    Robert Ricketts had a list:

    AFAIK= As Far As I Know
    APD= Aquatic Plants Digest
    aka= "Also known as", also a.k.a.; if AKA, American Killifish Association or
    American Kiteflyers Association
    A-OK= good? "All okay"
    B= Boron
    BGA= Blue-Green Algae
    BBA= Black brush Algae
    bpm= bubble per minute
    BTW= By the Way
    C= Carbon
    CA++= Calcium ion
    CA= California?
    Ca= Calcium
    CaCO3= Calcium carbonate
    CaCl2= Calcium chloride
    CHCO3=??? Typo for CaCO3???
    CLR= calcium, lime, rust
    CO2= Carbon dioxide
    dc= direct current
    DI= Deionized
    DIN=????
    dKH= Degrees carbonate hardness
    DOM= Dissolved organic matter
    DOC= Dissolved organic carbon
    DOH=????
    DIN=Dissolved inorganic N?
    DIY=Do It Yourself
    Eh=
    EDTA= Ethylene diamine tetra acetic
    FAQ= Frequently Asked Questions
    FeEDDHA= Chelated iron
    Fe= iron
    FYI= for your info
    FL= Florida
    g= gallon
    g= grams
    GCFI= Ground fault Interrupter
    Gh= ???typo for GH???
    GH= General Hardness, but better as Ca/Mg Hardness
    gph= gallons per hour
    H2O= WATER
    H2SO4= Sulfuric acid
    H= Hydrogen
    HCL= Hydrochloric acid
    HMF= hydrated magnesium sulfate= Epsom salt
    HVAC= Heating ventilation air conditioning
    IEM=??? IME = In my experience
    IMHO=In my humble opinion
    IMO= In My Opinion
    IS= instant start
    IMHO= above, duplicated
    KNO3= Potassium Nitrate
    K+= Potassium ion
    K= Potassium
    KCl= Potassium chloride, an l, not a 1
    KCL= " " , but the l should be lower case, Cl = chloride
    KC1/K2SO4= for KCl, see above; K2SO4 = potassium sulfate
    K2SO4/KC1= see above
    KH2PO4= Potassium Phosphate
    KH=Carbonate Hardness
    Kh= ????typo for KH????
    Kirb= thekrib.com
    KS204=????typo for K2SO4
    LED= light emitting diode
    LFS= LOCAL FISH STORE
    LFS= duplicated above
    lph= liters per hour
    mA= milliamps
    meq=milliequivalent
    Mn=Manganese
    Mn2= combining form of manganese
    MH=????
    Mg= Magnesium
    NaHCO3= Sodium bicarbonate, Bicarbonate of soda, baking soda
    NH2/NH4= Ammonia? NH4 is the combining form of the ammonium ion, as in
    NH4Cl, ammonium chloride
    NH3= Ammonia
    NaH2PO4= Monobasic Sodium Phosphate
    NaH2PO4H2O= Monobasic Sodium Phosphate, Monohydrate
    Na2HPO4= Dibasic Sodium Phosphate
    Na2HPO4H2O= Dibasic Sodium Phosphate Monohydrate
    Na= Sodium, yes Na=salt, no, salt is sodium chloride, NaCl
    Na+= Sodium ion
    NH4/UREA= NH4 = ammonium ion, urea hydrolyses to release ammonia
    NKO4= ????typo???
    NH4= combining form of ammonium ion
    NH4+= ammonium ion
    NO2= Nitrite
    NO3= Nitrate
    NPK=The macro fertilizers, Nitrogen/phosphorous/potassium - in USA, all
    packages marked as ferts must specify
    the content of these elements.
    NHR+=???
    NO4+=???
    N2= Nitrogen gas
    N/P= Nitrogen:phosphorous ratio
    N= Nitrogen
    O= elemental or combining form of oxygen, oxide
    O2 =Oxygen gas
    OM= Organic matter
    oz= once, no, ounce
    P2O5=
    P= Phosphorous, elemental or combining form
    PC= lighting?
    pH = 7.0 neutral, lower than 7.0 is acidic, higher than 7.0 is alkaline
    ppm= PARTS PER MILLION
    PCF= power compact fluorescent
    PWM=???
    PMDD= Poor Persons Dosing Drops thekrib.com
    PO4= Phosphate
    PVC= Plastic, specifically polyvinylchloride
    RH= relative humidity?
    RGB=???
    RO= Reverse osmosis, a water purification technique
    RS= rapid start
    SCWD=???
    Se= Selenium
    SFbaaps= San Francisco Bay Area Aquatic Plant Society, approximately
    SEBAAPS= ???typo for above???
    SO4= Sulfate combining form
    S= Sulfur
    Si-O= Si = silcon, O = oxide
    SW= south west
    tsp= teaspoons
    TMG= Tropica Master Grow
    UGF= UnderGravel Filter
    V= Volts
    W= watts?
    X= times or multiply?
    YMMV= Your milage may vary
    ZNS04= typo for ZnSO4? Zinc sulfate
     
  2. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Oh, there is always more.

    Yet another listing:


    AFAIK=As Far As I Know.
    APD= Aquatic Plants Digest.
    ada= also known as
    AKA= American Killfish Association.
    A-OK= all okay.
    B= Boron
    BE=
    BAG= blue green algae.
    BPA =back brush algae.
    bpm= bubble per minute
    BTW= by the way.
    BTDTBTWW= been there, done that, bought the whole wardrobe.
    C= Carbon
    CA++= double ionized calcium ion.
    CA=California.
    Ca= Calcium.
    CaCO3= calcium carbonate. (baking soda)
    CaC12=(calcium chloride)
    CHCO3= calcium bicarbonate.
    "CLR"= calcium, lime, rust
    CO2= carbon dioxide.
    Cu= copper
    dc= direct current.
    DI= deionized.
    DIN= a European standards organization or Drug Identification Number or Deutsche Industries Norm (German Industry Standard)
    The second references medications in North America, the third is similar to the SAE standards???
    dKH= degree's carbonated hardness.(probably German scale)?
    DOM= Dissolved organic matter
    DOC= dissolved organic compounds or carbon?.
    DIN=Dissolved inorganic N?
    DIY= do it your self.
    Eh=
    EDTA= Ethylene diamine tetra acetic
    FAQ= Frequently Asked Questions
    FeEDDHA= chelated iron
    Fe= iron
    FYI= for your info
    FL= Florida
    G= gallon.
    g= grams
    GFCI= ground fault interrupter.
    GH= General Hardness but better as Ca/Mg Hardness.?
    gph= gallons per hour
    H2O= WATER
    H2SO4= sulfuric acid or hydro sodium oxide???
    H= Hydrogen
    HCL= Hydrochloric acid.
    HMF= hydrated magnesium sulfate.
    HTH= Hope this helps.
    HVAC= Heating ventilation air conditioning.
    IEM=
    IME=
    IMHO= In my humble opinion.
    IMNSHO= in my not so humble opinion.
    IMO= In My Opinion
    IS= instant start
    KNO3= Potassium Nitrate
    K+= Potassium ion.
    K= Potassium
    KCl= Potassium chloride.
    KC1/K2SO4= Potassium chloride or potassium sulphate my guess if they are being suggested as interchangeable.
    K2SO4/KC1= Potassium Sulphate or potassium chloride.
    K2SO4= Potassium sulfate.
    KH2PO4= Potassium Phosphate or Potassium biphosphate??
    KH=Carbonate Hardness
    Krib= thekrib.com
    LED= light emitting diode.
    LFS= LOCAL FISH STORE
    lph= liters per hour
    mA= milliamps
    meq= millie equivalents.
    Mn= Manganese.
    Mn2= combining form of manganese.
    MH= metal halide.
    Mg= Magnesium
    NaCl= sodium chloride.
    NaHCO3= Sodium bicarbonate, bicarbonate of soda = baking soda.
    NH2/NH4=
    NH4Cl= ammonium chloride.
    NH3= Ammonia.
    NaH2PO4= Monobasic Sodium Phosphate
    NaH2PO4H2O= Monobasic Sodium Phosphate, Monohydrate
    Na2HPO4= Dibasic Sodium Phosphate
    Na2HPO4H2O= Dibasic Sodium Phosphate Monohydrate
    Na= Sodium.
    Na+= positive sodium ion.
    NH4/UREA= NH4= ammonium ion, urea hydrolyses to release ammonia. (urine)?
    NH4= combining form of ammonium ion.
    NH4+= ionized ammonium ion.
    NO2= Nitrite
    NO3= Nitrate
    NPK= the macro fertilizers, Nitrogen/phosphorous/potassium - in USA, all packages marked as ferts must specify the content of the elements.
    NHR+=
    NO4+=
    N2= Nitrogen gas.
    N/P= Nitrogen: phosphorous ratio.
    N= Nitrogen
    O= elemental or combining form of oxygen, oxide.
    O2 =Oxygen as gas.
    OM= Organic matter.
    oz= ounce
    P2O5= diphosphorus pentoxide.
    P= Phosphorous, elemental or combining form.
    PC= power compact lighting.
    pH = 7.0 neutral, higher than 7.0 is acidic, higher than 7.0 is alkaline
    ppm= PARTS PER MILLION
    PCF= power compact fluorescent.
    PWM= pulse width modulation.
    PMDD= Poor Persons Dosing Drops or (or the REAL meaning from way back...Poor Man's Dupla Drops).
    PO4= Phosphate
    PVC= Plastic, specifically polyvinylchloride or poly vinyl chloride??
    RH= relative humidity?
    RGB= red green blue (white if balanced) one of the ways colors are represented.
    RO= reverse osmosis.
    RS= rapid start
    SCWD=
    Se= Selenium
    SFbaaps= San Francisco Bay area Aquatic Plant Society.
    SO4= Sulfate combining from.
    S= Sulfur
    Si-O= Si=silicon, O oxide or silica or silicon oxide???
    SW= south west
    tsp= teaspoons
    TMG= Tropical Master Grow.
    UGF= under gravel filter.
    V= Volts
    W= watts?
    X= times or multiply?
    YMMV= your mileage may vary.
    ZnS04= Zinc sulfate.

    AFAIK
    As far as I know
    AFM, MFM, TFH, FAMA
    Four popular aquaria magazines: Aquarium Fish Magazine, Marine Fish Magazine, Tropical Fish Hobbyist, and Freshwater and Marine Aquarium.
    AOL, CIS
    America Online, CompuServe Information Systems; two commercial Internet providers.
    BTW
    By The Way.
    cut, snip
    Means part of previous post has been removed.
    DIY
    Do It Yourself, home made, a device or system that is built by the hobbyist.
    FAQ, FAQs
    Frequently Asked Question.
    flame
    A message which is abusive (see below)
    FS
    For Sale.
    FTP, HTTP
    File Transfer Protocol, and HyperText Transfer Protocol, two method of transferring files.
    FW, SW
    Freshwater, Saltwater
    FWIW
    For What It's Worth.
    FYI
    For Your Information.
    HTML
    HyperText Markup Language, used for creating web pages.
    IMHO, IMO, IMNSHO
    In My Humble Opinion, In My Opinion, In My Not-So-Humble Opinion, etc.
    LFS
    Local Fish Store
    lurking
    reading a newsgroup, over a period of time, to gain knowledge from other people's questions and answers, without posting anything of your own.
    MO, M/O
    Mail Order
    MOP, PW, TFP, WTA
    Four M/O businesses: Mail Order Pet Shop, Pet Warehouse, That Fish Place, and Wet Thumb Aquatics.
    netiquette
    Net etiquette. The golden rule is: RTFF!
    newbie
    A beginner. Often, but not always, used in a derogatory way. Don't feel too bad if someone calls another a newbie.
    OTOH
    On The Other Hand.
    pl*co
    An unfortunate correlation between Plocestomus Catfish deaths and mention of their name on the net has led to the use of `pl*co' as a superstitious habit. For our protection, the fish's full name has been deliberately misspelled above.
    post
    message on Usenet
    reorg
    The rec.aquaria re-organization.
    ROTFL
    Rolling On The Floor Laughing.
    RTFM, RTFF
    Read the ``fine'' Manual, or FAQ. Usually directed at people who ask a question without first checking the obvious places to find the answer. Substitute expletives beginning with F for ``fine'', if you like.
    SAE
    Siamese Algae Eater (see the ALGAE FAQ).
    threads
    The initial message and all the following replies to it, a discussion.
    TIA
    Thanks In Advance
    UGF, RUGF
    Undergravel Filter, Reverse Under Gravel Filter.
    WD, W/D
    Wet/Dry Filter
    WTB
    Wanted To Buy.
    WWW, W3, web
    World Wide Web
    YMMV
    Your Mileage May Vary, basically just because something works well in one situation, does not mean it will in another.
    Smileys :) ;-) :-(
    (turn the page, monitor or your head to one side if you don't see it at first). Smileys are used to denote emotions that might otherwise not be understood from the text, e.g. explicitly point out a statement is meant to be humorous. The three shown here denote humor, a wink, and sadness, respectively.
     
  3. turbomkt

    turbomkt Lifetime Charter Member
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    I didn't see...

    ODNO - Over Driven Normal Output?
     
  4. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Feel free to add any you might wish.

    For folks that are intimidated by chemical names, don't be.
    Baking soda is called sodium bicarbonate, but you are not scared of that?
    Na2(HCO3)2.

    Like a lock and ket syustem, the Na have cation charges of 1+ each, and the HCO3 are anions with a chanrge of -1 each.

    So they bond together, when added to water, they disassociate readily and then you measure the KH (the HCO3 part).

    My main point here for newer folks, do not be scared, this is not tough, we only use a few things to grow plants really, KNO3, KH2PO4, a Trace elment mix and perhaops some need to raise their GH or KH(add baking soda).

    Gh is Ca and Mg cations..........so adding epsom salt will address Mg.
    Adding gyphsum (CaSO4) or CaCl2(Calicum hardness increaser, generally sold at pool supply sectiosn or stores).

    There are some water's attached to these two GH items, but do not worry about those unless you really want to be complete.

    Just use the dosing calculator, and labe the different chemicals so you do not end up dosing PO4, when you really want KNO3.

    That's the main issue for most.

    Adding CO2 is more difficult than the nutrient fertilizers as rule.


    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  5. nursie

    nursie Lifetime Members
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Thanks Tom!!! :D
     
  6. weaverr3

    weaverr3 Junior Poster

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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Ok, there is one I see fairly often and I'm gonna have to show my ignorance as to what it means... so if anyone cares to clue me in, what is a SAM?

    I gather from context it is a plant/weed, but whats the acronym exactly?
     
  7. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    SAM-supersonic atomic missile

    Submersed aquatic macrophyte.

    This denotes any large nake eye sized plant or algae that might be present in the submersed environment.

    Chara is an alga, but looks more like a plant, Cladophora algae balls are plant like as well. Marine macro algae are very plant like.
    Chara beds are very common where submersed plant growth exist.

    This allows us to include things from different groups rather than saying "plants".

    Many marine folks call all larger algae "Marine plants".

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  8. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    SAM-Supersonic Atomic Missile
    SAM, Surface to Air Missile

    Submersed aquatic macrophyte.

    This denotes any large nake eye sized plant or algae that might be present in the submersed environment.

    Chara is an alga, but looks more like a plant, Cladophora algae balls are plant like as well. Marine macro algae are very plant like.
    Chara beds are very common where submersed plant growth exist.

    This allows us to include things from different groups rather than saying "plants".

    Many marine folks call all larger algae "Marine plants".

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  9. vidiots

    vidiots Prolific Poster

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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Ok so I'm blonde, it was only today I figured out one, that I have seen in a large number of online posts and have wondered for months what it was. It also was not on your list:

    PITA = Pain in the A** (rear).

    Just thought I'd mention it incase there are other blondes out there that have figured out how to use the internet. :)
     
  10. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    vidiots- I'm blonde ;)

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  11. VaughnH

    VaughnH Lifetime Charter Member
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Redox - red beast of burden?
     
  12. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Reduction oxidation potential, often expressed at millivolts or Eh.

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  13. quatermass

    quatermass Prolific Poster

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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    What's AS?

    This was mentioned several times in articles.
     
  14. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Probaly Aqua soil?
    Did it have "ADA AS"?

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  15. quatermass

    quatermass Prolific Poster

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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Yes it did!

    Thanks for that.

    You know Tom, you ever thought of getting one of those Abbreviation/Acronym expanding programs?

    That way when you type in one, it automatically replaces it with the real word! ;-)

    I use one myself. Saves me a lot of time typing out words and URLs.
    For example typing myT gives me http://mytriops.com/

    Be easy for me to make one up from the list on this forum and send you it.
    It's a free open source program for Windows.
     
  16. Tom Barr

    Tom Barr Founder
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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Ah heck, I'll have Greg put it in!!

    Thanks a bzillion!!
    That's much more useful!! :eek: :eek: :eek:

    Regards,
    Tom Barr
     
  17. quatermass

    quatermass Prolific Poster

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    Re: Those chemical names and acroynms! Add more if you see one I missed!!!

    Ok, here is an early example.

    The link below leads to my web site and you just run the executable and it appears in your tool bar in XP. There is nothing to install or uninstall.

    The program for doing this is at acroynms.exe
    its about 180K long.

    Its just there to allow you to quit it or to pause it.

    If you do like it I presume you know how to make it run everytime you log into your computer?


    Here is the original script I used:

    If you look at the characters between the '::' these are the trigger letters.
    The letter on the right is its replacement.
    Easy eh?

    So typing BARR gives your web address and presses the return key.
    typing tcbiii gives your yahoo email address.
    etc. etc.



    Code:
    #Hotstring c*
    ::BARR::http://www.barrreport.com/'n
    ::tcbiii:::tcbiii@yahoo.com
    ::AFAIK::As Far As I Know{Space}
    ::APD::Aquatic Plants Digest{Space}
    :: B ::{Space}Boron{Space}
    ::BAG::blue green algae{Space}
    ::BPA::black brush algae{Space}
    ::BTW::by the way{Space}
    :: C ::Carbon{Space}
    ::CA ::California{Space}
    ::Ca ::Calcium{Space}
    ::CaCO3::Calcium carbonate (baking soda){Space}
    ::CO2 ::Carbon dioxide{Space}
    ::Cu ::Copper{Space}
    ::KNO3::Potassium Nitrate
    
    You don't need the original program unless you want to make up your own version. As you can see it's pretty easy.

    But for your reference this is where the full package is at:
    http://www.autohotkey.com/

    Let me know what you think.

    P.S.
    Lastly please be assured that it isn't a virus, Trojan, a backdoor or anything that breaks the security of your systems.
    [
     
  18. MarkP

    MarkP Junior Poster

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    Combined all the lists, eliminated duplicates. Anything misdefined was misdefined in a previously posted list.

    AFAIK As Far As I Know.
    AKA American Killfish Association.
    ADA AS Aqua Soil
    ADA PS Power Sand
    aka "Also known as", also a.k.a.; if AKA, American Killifish Association or American Kiteflyers Association
    A-OK all okay.
    APD Aquatic Plants Digest.
    B Boron
    BBA Black Brush Algae
    BGA Blue-Green Algae
    bpm bubble per minute
    BTDTBTWW been there, done that, bought the whole wardrobe.
    BTW By the Way
    C Carbon
    CA California.
    Ca Calcium.
    CA++ double ionized calcium ion.
    CaCl2 Calcium chloride
    CaCO3 calcium carbonate. (baking soda)
    CFL (power) compact fluorescent
    CHCO3 calcium bicarbonate.
    Cl chloride
    CLR calcium, lime, rust
    CO2 Carbon dioxide
    CO3 carbonate
    Cu copper
    CuSO4 copper sulfate
    dc direct current
    DI Deionized
    DIN Dissolved inorganic N?
    DIY Do It Yourself
    dKH Degrees carbonate hardness
    DO dissolved oxygen
    DOC Dissolved organic carbon
    DOM Dissolved organic matter
    EDTA Ethylene diamine tetra acetic
    FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
    Fe iron
    Fe+2 ferrous iron
    Fe+3 ferric iron
    FeEDDHA Chelated iron
    FL Florida
    FYI for your info
    G gallon.
    g grams
    GCFI Ground fault Interrupter
    GFCI ground fault interrupter.
    GH General Hardness, but better as Ca/Mg Hardness
    Gh General Hardness
    gph gallons per hour
    H Hydrogen
    H2CO3 carbonic acid
    H2O WATER
    H2O2 hydrogen peroxide
    H2S hydrogen sulfide
    H2SO4 Sulfuric acid
    HCl hydrochloric/muriatic acid
    HCO3 bicarbonate
    HMF hydrated magnesium sulfate.
    HNO3 nitric acid
    HTH Hope this helps.
    HVAC Heating ventilation air conditioning.
    IME In my experience
    IMHO In my humble opinion
    IMNSHO in my not so humble opinion.
    IMO In My Opinion
    IS instant start
    K Potassium
    K+ Potassium ion
    K2HPO4 dibasic potassium phosphate
    K2SO4 potassium sulfate -- Sulfate of Potash
    K2SO4/KC1 Potassium Sulphate or potassium chloride.
    KC1/K2SO4 Potassium chloride or potassium sulphate my guess if they are being suggested as interchangeable.
    KCl potassium chloride -- Muriate of Potash
    KH Carbonate Hardness
    KH2PO4 monobasic potassium phosphate
    KNO3 Potassium Nitrate
    Krib thekrib.com
    LED light emitting diode
    LFS duplicated above
    lph liters per hour
    mA milliamps
    meq milliequivalent
    Mg magnesium
    MgSO4 magnesium sulfate
    MgSO4 * 7H2O Epsom Salts
    MH Metal Halide
    Mn Manganese
    Mn2 combining form of manganese.
    N Nitrogen
    N/P Nitrogen:phosphorous ratio
    N2 Nitrogen gas.
    Na sodium
    Na+ positive sodium ion.
    Na2HPO4 Dibasic Sodium Phosphate
    Na2HPO4H2O Dibasic Sodium Phosphate Monohydrate
    NaCl sodium chloride -- table/aquarium salt
    NaH2PO4 Monobasic Sodium Phosphate
    NaH2PO4H2O Monobasic Sodium Phosphate, Monohydrate
    NaHCO3 Sodium bicarbonate, Bicarbonate of soda, baking soda
    NH2/NH4 Ammonia? NH4 is the combining form of the ammonium ion, as in
    NH3 Ammonia.
    NH4 combining form of ammonium ion.
    NH4/UREA NH4
    NH4+ ionized ammonium ion / ammonium ion, urea hydrolyses to release ammonia. (urine)?
    NH4Cl ammonium chloride.
    NO normal output fluorescent
    NO2 Nitrite
    NO3 nitrate
    NPK the macro fertilizers, Nitrogen/phosphorous/potassium - in USA, all packages marked as ferts must specify the content of the elements.
    O elemental or combining form of oxygen, oxide.
    O2 Oxygen gas
    ODNO Over Driven Normal Output
    OM Organic matter
    ORP oxidation-reduction potential
    oz ounce
    P Phosphorous, elemental or combining form.
    P2O5 diphosphorus pentoxide.
    PC power compact lighting.
    PCF power compact fluorescent.
    pH 7.0 neutral, higher than 7.0 is acidic, higher than 7.0 is alkaline
    PMDD Poor Persons Dosing Drops or (or the REAL meaning from way back...Poor Man's Dupla Drops).
    PO4 Phosphate
    ppm PARTS PER MILLION
    PVC Plastic, specifically polyvinylchloride or poly vinyl chloride??
    PWM pulse width modulation.
    Redox Reduction Oxidation Potential
    RGB red green blue (white if balanced) one of the ways colors are represented.
    RH relative humidity?
    RO Reverse osmosis, a water purification technique
    RS rapid start
    S Sulfur
    SAM Submersed Aquatic Macrophyte (Plants or Algae big enough to see)
    Se Selenium
    SFbaaps San Francisco Bay area Aquatic Plant Society.
    Si-O Silicon Oxide
    SO4 Sulfate combining from.
    SO4 sulfate
    SW south west
    TMG Tropical Master Grow.
    tsp teaspoons
    UGF UnderGravel Filter
    V Volts
    VHO very high output fluorescent
    W watts?
    X times or multiply?
    YMMV your mileage may vary.
    ZnSO4 Zinc sulfate.
     
  19. swannee

    swannee Junior Poster

    Joined:
    Sep 20, 2006
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    I'm Blonde too, with some gray around the edges ;) so how do you use Gyphsum & Epsom Salt to raise your GH?

    Do you mix them in water and how much water? Or do you add them separately, for example would I use the CaSO4 to raise the GH to 2 degrees and than use MgSO4 to raise it another 2 degrees for a total of 4dGH?
     
  20. Professor Myers

    Professor Myers Guru Class Expert

    Joined:
    Aug 24, 2006
    Messages:
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    I just use Tom's GH Mix...

    PMDD Store: Barr's GH Booster, Dry Aquatic Plant Fertilizers from Aquarium Plants, Aquatic Plants, Planted Aquariums, and Aquarium Plant Fertilizer I just dissolve it ahead of time in a gallon of R/O water. Now you're in the land of OZ of course so you'll want to stir that in counter clockwise !!! :p HTH. Prof M

    I know the shipping is a pain, but the products are Great ! Inexpensive !! and will last you forever and a day under normal use. ;)

     
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