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Old Newsletters

Some of the original newsletters

  1. Methods for Filtration in Planted Aquariums - Volume 2, Issue 9 - September 2006

    Considerable debate in the last 25 years has revolved around filtration of planted aquariums. This is understandable due to the livestock and...
    Views:
    354
    Likes:
    1
  2. Applying Restoration Ecology to Planted Aquariums - Volume 3, Issue 5

    The use of Restoration or perhaps a better word would be Creation Ecology as concept and perhaps a new paradigm for the planted aquarist has...
    Views:
    195
    Likes:
    0
  3. The Freshwater Red algae: Rhodophyta - Volume 3, Issue 3

    Red algae are typically a multicellular marine group but several species and genera are present in freshwater systems. Primarily the genera...
    Views:
    208
    Likes:
    0
  4. Growth Relations of Aquatic Macrophytes Volume 1 - Volume 2, Issue 10 - October 2006

    How do plants grow? Some may find this a seemingly simple question. Often the best questions are deceptively simple. Growth of macrophytes is...
    Views:
    194
    Likes:
    0
  5. Methods of delivery of Carbon dioxide (CO2) - Volume 1, Issue 10 - October 2005

    Since the introduction of Horst and Kipper’s book in 1986, The Optimum Aquarium, the use of CO2 fertilization to increase submersed plant growth...
    Views:
    269
    Likes:
    0
  6. Growth Relations of Aquatic Macrophytes Volume II - Volume 2, Issue 11 - November 2006

    Plant hormones in the past have hailed as the signaling chemicals in plants that control all aspects of growth. What are they? A hormone is a...
    Views:
    98
    Likes:
    0
  7. Calcium’s Role in Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 1, Issue 11 - November 2005

    Calcium is an essential plant nutrient. As the divalent cation (Ca2+), it is required for structural roles in the cell wall and membranes, as a...
    Views:
    239
    Likes:
    0
  8. Copper and Zinc’s Role in Aquatic Macrophyte - Volume 2, Issue 5 - May 2006

    Copper has a long history in aquatic management due to its ability to kill algae and aquatic weeds. Zinc has a less prominent history but more...
    Views:
    268
    Likes:
    0
  9. Fish Waste and Macrophytes - Volume 3, Issue 2 - March 2007

    A neglected 4 gallon non CO2 tank. No water changes have been done for 9 months. No algae, no work, very low cost, fish health is excellent...
    Views:
    138
    Likes:
    0
  10. Sulfur’s role in Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 2, Issue 3 - March 2006

    Sulfur is poorly understood in terms of aquarist although well studied in the academic realm and both terrestrial systems and in wetland cycling....
    Views:
    218
    Likes:
    0
  11. Light and Photosynthesis - Volume 1, Issue 3 - March 2005

    Solar radiation is the major energy source to the aquatic environment. The productivity and internal metabolism are driven and controlled by...
    Views:
    148
    Likes:
    0
  12. Boron and Molybdenum’s Role In Plants - Volume 2, Issue 6 - June 2006

    All vascular plants require boron (represented by “B” on the periodic chemical chart) (Augsten and Eichhorn, 1976; Dugger, 1983; Loomis and Durst,...
    Views:
    211
    Likes:
    0
  13. Nitrogen Cycling in Planted Aquariums - Volume 1, Issue 6 - June 2005

    Nitrogen plays perhaps the next largest role in submersed aquatic plant health and growth after light and Carbon. Nitrogen is important as a macro...
    Views:
    123
    Likes:
    0
  14. Sodium and chloride’s impact on aquatic macrophytes - Volume 2, Issue 7 - July 2006

    We have all seen salt, sodium chloride (NaCl). We know that the sodium and chloride ions which form salt have completely different physical and...
    Views:
    221
    Likes:
    0
  15. Aquatic Fungi: Decomposition of plant biomass - Volume 3, Issue 1 - January 2007

    Is this fish, A adonis considered a “Shredder”? Yes! Wood gnawing plecos increase the rate of decomposition of driftwood by allowing the fungi...
    Views:
    76
    Likes:
    0
  16. Aquatic Plant Life, Unifying Principles - Volume 1, Issue 1 - January 2005

    Evolution: Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900-1975) said “Nothing in biology makes sense except in light of Evolution.”1 Aquatic macrophytes 2 possess a...
    Views:
    82
    Likes:
    0
  17. Oxygen in the Planted Aquarium - Volume 2, Issue 2 - February 2006

    While many may not consider oxygen a nutrient, its role is often overlooked in planted aquariums. While terrestrial systems are seldom ever...
    Views:
    96
    Likes:
    0
  18. Magnesium’s role in aquatic macrophyte nutrition - Volume 1, Issue 12 - December 2005

    Magnesium was shown to be an essential nutrient for plant growth in 1839 by Carl Sprengel. Magnesium is absorbed by plants as the divalent cation...
    Views:
    170
    Likes:
    0
  19. Methods to supply nutrients to aquatic plants - Volume 2, Issue 8 - August 2006

    Previous reports have addressed various nutrients and their roles in plant uptake, metabolism, enzymatic adaptations, physiology and cycling. This...
    Views:
    97
    Likes:
    0
  20. Mineral Nutrition (Part 2) - Volume 1, Issue 8 - August 2005

    Provided below are sets of tables and some further discussion in terms of Nitrogen and Phosphorus ratios found in aquatic plants. The purpose is...
    Views:
    79
    Likes:
    0
  21. Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) and Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 3, Issue 4

    Introduction Diatoms rarely become nuisances in freshwater planted aquariums or marine planted systems. They are generally present at noxious...
    Views:
    85
    Likes:
    0
  22. Iron and Manganese’s Role in Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 2, Issue 4 - April 2006

    Baron Justus von Liebig in the mid 19th century showed that iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are essential trace metals required for plant growth....
    Views:
    186
    Likes:
    0
  23. An Analysis of Sediments - Volume 3, Issue 6

    Introduction An Analysis of Sediments, Growth and Water Column Nutrient Concentration Breakdown ADA Product Line and other sediments, Part 1....
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    83
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    0
  24. ADA Aqua Soil™ and Power Sand™ Analysis - Volume 5, Issue 1

    Introduction Most aquarists only test the water column for nutrients for aquatic planted aquariums. Rarely, (if ever) do we look at testing the...
    Views:
    270
    Likes:
    0
  25. Potassium dynamics in Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 1, Issue 9 - September 2005

    Introduction Potassium (K+) is the third major essential plant nutrient along with Nitrogen (N) and Phosphorus (P) and often fertilizers list the...
    Views:
    84
    Likes:
    0
  26. Dissolved, Particulate and Microbial Biomass Organic Carbon - Volume 1, Issue 5 - May 2005

    Introduction Callitriches and Cabomba in a fast flowing stream in central California. Summary • Carbon cycled reviewed • What are POC, MBC and...
    Views:
    85
    Likes:
    0
  27. Nitrogen Cycling in Planted Aquariums - Volume 1, Issue 6 - June 2005

    Introduction Nitrogen plays perhaps the next largest role in submersed aquatic plant health and growth after light and Carbon. Nitrogen is...
    Views:
    164
    Likes:
    0
  28. Phosphorus’ Role in Aquatic Macrophyte Horticulture - Volume 2, Issue 1 - January 2006

    Introduction Phosphorus is perhaps one of the most contentious elements in aquatic biology. It has numerous forms and this has caused some...
    Views:
    164
    Likes:
    0
  29. Enzymes and Submersed Aquatic Macrophytes - Volume 1, Issue 2 - February 2005

    Introduction Enzymes are proteins (Most are proteins with an exception of a small group of catalytic RNA molecules (Lehninger 2005)). Like other...
    Views:
    82
    Likes:
    0
  30. Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC) - Volume 1, Issue 4 - April 2005

    Introduction Carbon is required for life on Earth, including life in aquatic ecosystems (Rheinheimer 1992). All living organisms need carbon as a...
    Views:
    96
    Likes:
    0
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