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Articles from Jason King

  1. Tips And Tricks For Dutch Style Aquascaping

    Tips and Tricks for Dutch Style Aquascaping This article explains some of the rules and techniques of traditional Dutch style aquascaping. It’s written with novice to intermediate American aquascapers in mind. This style can seem old, rigid, and in somewhat inflexible to Nature style fans. And, yes, there are a lot of rules. But these rules are only needed if you plan on entering your tank in aquascaping contests like the one held by the AGA. It may also help to keep in mind that this...
  2. How To Build A Cerges Co2 Reactor

    I decided to make a journal for my 10" cerges reactor build to make it easier for members to make one themselves. I
  3. Co2/ph/kh Table

    Measure your KH, then see how much you need to reduce the pH to get your target CO2 ppm.
  4. The Estimative Index Of Dosing, Or No Need For Test Kits

    The Estimative index is a simple method to dose nutrients for any tank without test kits. In a nut shell, the aquarist doses frequently to prevent anything from running out (plant deficiency) and does large weekly water changes to prevent any build up (Plant inhibition). In this manner, we can easily maintain a close approximation or an “estimation index” of the nutrient levels during the week, not too high, not too low and… need for a test kit because the accuracy is close and in most...
  5. Non Co2 Methods

    While much of the attention and aquascape seen on the web focuses on CO2 enrichment in their methods, Diana Walstad presents an excellent argument for the approach of a non CO2 enriched planted Aquarium. We should also extend this to include Excel and carbon enrichment liquids as well as acetate which allow some algae to exist without any light or CO2 and grow heterotrophically (like us). She discusses not needing test kits, water changes, pruning often, dosing, work that most aquarist do...
  6. Ei Light: For Those Less Techy Folks

    The Estimative Index (EI) is a straight forward method for providing nutrients for a planted tank. The idea behind EI is simply introducing a non limiting amount of nutrients within an aquarium, throughout the week. This non limiting concentration of nutrients floods the water column and feeds the plants. This is an estimative method; measuring specific nutrient uptake rates is not necessary and no test kits are involved. EI provides a surplus of nutrients that helps to prevents plant...
  7. Dual Venturi Diy External Co2 Reactor

    This co2 reactor costs about 20$ due to using Clear PVC housing, you can use solid 2" pipe if you wish.
  8. Fertilizer Routines, Which One?

    This article is designed to give a back ground on various dosing routines from the past and present. Some of the older semi complete fertilizer routines are PMDD(about 1995-1996):
  9. Methods for Filtration in Planted Aquariums - Volume 2, Issue 9 - September 2006

    Considerable debate in the last 25 years has revolved around filtration of planted aquariums. This is understandable due to the livestock and plant biomass differences hobbyists and aquaculturalist have in their systems as well their expectations. Aquatic macrophytes are used extensively for wastewater treatment (Reddy et al, 1984, 1989, 1991, 1992). As such, some aquarists forgo any filtration in lieu of the macrophytes being the primary filtration component for removal of fish “waste”....
  10. Mineral Nutrition - Volume 1, Issue 7 - July 2005

    Macrophytes play a key role in linking the sediment and the water column. In recent years, there has been substantial research on sediment-water column linking for nutrient sources (Carignan, 1982). While many water columns are limited with respect to nutrient concentrations in natural systems (Kasslemann, 1998), enrichment of the water column through fertilization from agricultural runoff, or through aquatic horticultural methods such as those utilized by aquarist that maintain dense...
  11. Nitrogen Cycling in Planted Aquariums - Volume 1, Issue 6 - June 2005

    Nitrogen plays perhaps the next largest role in submersed aquatic plant health and growth after light and Carbon. Nitrogen is important as a macro nutrient for plant growth. Generally limiting phosphate (PO4-3) will not slow growth, whereas nitrogen limitation will limit growth, but as we shall see, the two are related and can drive the other’s uptake rate. Nitrogen is essential for the formation of amino acids and the purine and pyrimidine bases, and consequently for protein and nucleic...
  12. Analysis of Liquid Fertilizers: the ADA Brighty Series™

    Introduction This month’s Barr Report test and measures the concentrations of various nutrients in Aqua Design Amano’s product line. Nutrient concentrations are not reported for the ADA line of fertilizers. By testing the concentration levels for each nutrient, aquarist can design and make nutrient solutions that are similar.
  13. Interview With Rachel O'leary Aka Msjinkzd

    The best way to learn a new hobby is by getting knowledge and information from those that are experienced in the hobby. I recently had the chance to interview Rachel O'Leary, a passionate & professional fish keeper from USA.
  14. ADA Aqua Soil™ and Power Sand™ Analysis - Volume 5, Issue 1

    Introduction Most aquarists only test the water column for nutrients for aquatic planted aquariums. Rarely, (if ever) do we look at testing the other half of the sources of nutrients for root submersed macrophytes, the sedi-ment. This is not surprising as the hobby lacks a reasonably priced, commercially available, hobby test kit/s specifically for sediment analy-sis. By comparing various sediment types, their components from natu-ral systems, and looking at a commercial brand and the same...
  15. Methods of delivery of Carbon dioxide (CO2) - Volume 1, Issue 10 - October 2005

    Since the introduction of Horst and Kipper’s book in 1986, The Optimum Aquarium, the use of CO2 fertilization to increase submersed plant growth has gained considerable public popularity. The use of CO2 to enhance plant growth in algal cultures has been in use since at least the 1960’s and likely was used prior (Hunter and Provasoli 1964). Scientist have been adding CO2 as well as other aquarist for submersed plant growth fertilization and enhancement since at least the early 1970’s but few...
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